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USCIS Publishes Notice on Revision to Direct Mail Program for N-400s


[Federal Register: December 23, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 247)]
[Notices]
[Page 78818-78820]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr23de08-104]


=======================================


———————————————-


DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY


U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services


[CIS No. 2457-08; DHS Docket No. USCIS-2008-0036] RIN 1615-ZA74


Revision to Direct Mail Program for Submitting Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, Implementation of Program


AGENCY: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS.


ACTION: Notice.


—————————————–


SUMMARY: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is revising its Direct Mail Program so that certain filings of Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, will now be filed at a designated lockbox facility instead of a USCIS Service Center. Furthermore, if you are the spouse of a current member of the Armed Forces, this notice instructs you to now file your Form N-400 at the Nebraska Service Center (NSC), whether you are filing from within the U.S. or abroad. This notice does not change the filing location for Forms N-400 filed by members or certain veterans of the Armed Forces who are eligible to apply for naturalization under sections 328 or 329 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (the Act). All naturalization applicants filing under the military provisions, sections 328 or 329 of the Act, should file their application at the NSC regardless of geographic location.


DATES: This notice becomes effective January 22, 2009.


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathleen Stanley, Chief, Lockbox Operations Division, Office of the Chief Financial Officer, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Department of Homeland Security, 20 Massachusetts Avenue, NW., 4th Floor, Washington, DC 20529-2130, Telephone (202) 233-2385.


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:


Background


What Is the Direct Mail Program?


The Direct Mail Program allows applicants for certain immigration benefits to send their application or petition directly to a USCIS service center or lockbox facility instead of submitting it to their local USCIS office.



The Direct Mail Program allows USCIS to:



Standardize and more efficiently process applications by eliminating duplicative work;


[[Page 78819]]


Increase staff productivity; and


Introduce better information management tools.


The purpose and strategy of the Direct Mail Program has been discussed in detail in previous rulemaking and notices. (See 59 FR 33903, 59 FR 33985, 60 FR 22408, 61 FR 2266, 61 FR 56060, 62 FR 16607, 63 FR 891, 63 FR 892, 63 FR 13434, 63 FR 13878, 63 FR 16828, 63 FR 50584, 63 FR 8688, 63 FR 8689, 64 FR 67323, 69 FR 3380, 69 FR 4210, 70 FR 30768, 72 FR 3402, 73 FR 50336 and 73 FR 53034.)


Explanation of Changes


Will this notice change my eligibility for naturalization?


No. This notice will not affect your eligibility for naturalization. This notice only affects the filing instructions where certain Form N-400s must be mailed. Some Form N-400s that were previously filed at USCIS Service Centers must now be sent to a designated lockbox facility.


Please note that applicants filing under the military provision, sections 328 or 329 of the Act, as well as spouses of current members of the Armed Forces, have separate filing instructions. Filing changes will be discussed in detail in the following charts.


Where should I send my Form N-400 and all supporting documentation?


Please refer to the following charts for the filing location to send your completed Form N-400 and supporting documentation.


Armed Forces Applicants and Spouses of Current Members of the Armed Forces


—————————————————


see pdf for table


—————————————————


—————————————————


Non-Armed Forces Applicants


—————————————————


see pdf for table


————————————————–


[[Page 78820]]


—————————————————


What happens if I file a Form N-400 covered by this notice at the wrong location?


During the first 30 days after this notice takes affect, USCIS will forward incorrectly addressed Form N-400s to the proper address, rather than reject it. USCIS will forward any improperly addressed Form N-400s covered by this notice as follows:


Any Form N-400 from non-Armed Forces applicants will be forwarded to either the Dallas or Phoenix lockbox facilities.


Any Form N-400 from Armed Forces applicants and the spouses of current members of the Armed Forces will be forwarded to the Nebraska Service Center.


Any applications forwarded within this time period will be considered properly filed when received at either the Dallas or Phoenix lockbox facilities, or the Nebraska Service Center. After this 30-day transition period, any Form N-400 covered by this notice, which is received at a location other than the appropriate location as defined in the updated Form N-400 filing instructions provided in this notice, will be returned with an explanation directing the applicant to mail it to the appropriate processing facility.


Is USCIS amending the Form N-400 Instructions?


Yes. USCIS is currently amending the instructions to the Form N- 400. The revisions will include the new filing addresses, the requirement for passport style photos and the revision will provide clarification of the grounds for rejection of an application. When available, the new form will be posted on the USCIS Web site (http:// <a href="http://www.uscis.gov).

“>www.uscis.gov).


Where may I find information related to eligibility requirements for naturalization?


You may find general eligibility requirements for naturalization at our Web site (http://www.uscis.gov). You may also download “A Guide to Naturalization (Form M-476),” which provides information on the benefits and responsibilities of citizenship, an overview of the naturalization process, and eligibility requirements.


Paperwork Reduction Act


We will be amending the instructions to the Form N-400 to reflect the new filing instructions. Accordingly, we will provide the Office of Management and Budget with a copy of the amended form through the automated Regulatory Office Combined Information System (ROCIS). Changing the filing instructions will not have any effect on the reporting burden hours. The OMB control number for this collection is 1615-0052.


Dated: December 17, 2008.
Michael Aytes,
Acting Deputy Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
[FR Doc. E8-30531 Filed 12-22-08; 8:45 am]


BILLING CODE 9111-97-P

Congress Passes Military Personnel Citizenship Processing Act (S. 2840)


Via AILA.org

On 09/28/08, the House passed the Military Personnel Citizenship Processing Act (S. 2840) by a 416-0 vote.


The measure, introduced by Sen. Schumer (D-NY), would require that USCIS process and issue a citizenship decision within six months of receiving an application from a current or former member of the armed forces, or their surviving dependents. If a decision is not made within that time frame, USCIS would be required to explain the delay and provide a new decision target date.


The bill would also establish an FBI liaison office inside USCIS and processing deadlines for other naturalization applications.


The Senate passed the measure by voice vote on 09/24/08, and it now heads to the president for final approval.

Could you pass the new citizenship test?

VIA CNN.com

Story Highlights


  • Prospective citizens can begin taking new naturalization test Wednesday

  • Tuesday was deadline to apply for old test, which will vanish next year

  • Government: New test has more concept-based civics, history questions

  • Immigrant advocates: Changes may strain stretched-thin civics programs

  • Read Article

    USCIS Releases Projected Naturalization Processing Times For Local Offices

    VIA USCIS

    Washington—U.S. Citizenship and Immigration
    Services (USCIS) released today the projected times for local offices
    to complete processing of applications for citizenship from individuals
    who filed during the summer of 2007.

     

    Last July, USCIS
    received 460,000 applications for naturalization. That was three times
    the record for any previous month. For the year, USCIS received 1.4
    million naturalization applications, almost double the normal annual
    volume.

     

    USCIS is hiring and training hundreds of
    additional immigration officers to adjudicate these cases. The agency
    is also conducting naturalization interviews on weekends, after normal
    business hours and in additional locations.

     

    The
    processing times listed below provide a sense of how quickly a case may
    be processed if there are no complicating factors. Still, some cases
    will take longer to complete for such reasons as:

    • an applicant has been asked to submit additional information and their case is pending until they comply, or
    • an applicant fails the naturalization test and has 60 days to prepare before they are retested, or
    • the FBI name check is still in progress.

     

    Projected Local USCIS Office Processing Times at end of September 2008

     

    Office

    Months

     

    Office

    Months

    Agana, Guam

    8.6

     

    Memphis, TN

    9.8

    Albany, NY

    7.2

     

    Miami, FL

    14.2

    Albuquerque, NM

    8.7

     

    Milwaukee, WI

    6.8

    Anchorage, AK

    8.7

     

    Mount Laurel, NJ

    11.6

    Atlanta, GA

    9.9

     

    New Orleans, LA

    14.5

    Baltimore, MD

    14

     

    New York, NY

    10.1

    Boise, ID

    14.2

     

    Newark, NJ

    10.3

    Boston, MA

    9.9

     

    Norfolk, VA

    14.6

    Buffalo, NY

    6.4

     

    Oklahoma City, OK

    8.6

    Charleston, SC 

    14.1

     

    Omaha, NE

    5.8

    Charlotte Amalie, VI

    7.9

     

    Orlando, FL

    14.4

    Charlotte, NC

    14.4

     

    Philadelphia, PA

    11.8

    Chicago, IL

    8.6

     

    Phoenix, AZ

    14.4

    Cincinnati, OH

    7.5

     

    Pittsburgh, PA

    6

    Cleveland, OH

    7.5

     

    Portland, ME

    7.3

    Columbus, OH

    7.4

     

    Portland, OR

    9.7

    Dallas, TX

    13.7

     

    Providence, RI

    14.2

    Denver, CO

    8.2

     

    Reno, NV

    7.3

    Des Moines, IA

    5.8

     

    Sacramento, CA

    7.8

    Detroit, MI

    8

     

    Salt Lake City, UT

    8.6

    El Paso, TX

    14.2

     

    San Antonio, TX

    9.8

    Fort Smith, AR

    8.6

     

    San Diego, CA

    9.1

    Fresno, CA

    12.6

     

    San Francisco, CA

    8.6

    Harlingen, TX

    6.5

     

    San Jose, CA

    14.2

    Hartford, CT

    14.3

     

    San Juan, PR

    13

    Helena, MT

    5

     

    Seattle, WA

    9.8

    Honolulu, HI

    6.8

     

    Spokane, WA

    6.9

    Houston, TX

    14

     

    St Albans, VT

    8.3

    Indianapolis, IN

    5.7

     

    St Louis, MO

    10.8

    Jacksonville, FL

    7.6

     

    St Paul, MN

    8.6

    Kansas City, MO

    10.4

     

    Tampa, FL

    11.3

    Las Vegas, NV

    14.1

     

    Tucson, AZ

    14.4

    Los Angeles, CA

    14.3

     

    Washington, DC

    14.7

    Louisville, KY

    7.1

     

    West Palm Beach, FL

    9

    Manchester, NH

    14.6

     

    Yakima, WA

    14.1


    Related Files

    USCIS Releases Projected Naturalization Processing Times For Local Offices (38KB PDF)

    USCIS Updates Projected Naturalization Case Processing Time

    WASHINGTON – U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced today that it will finish more than one million naturalization cases during fiscal year 2008 – far exceeding the number of cases completed last year.   This update comes following a thorough analysis of the work completed during the last six months. 


    “By the end of the year, I expect USCIS will have finished 36 percent more naturalization cases than last year without compromising national security or the integrity of the naturalization process,” said USCIS Director Emilio Gonzalez.


    The agency recently updated the expected time it will take to complete naturalization cases, projecting processing times averaging 13-15 months.   That’s a three month improvement from the 16-18 month projection that USCIS made six months ago. 


    A critical component of the strategy for addressing this workload is to quickly grow the capacity to handle the influx of additional cases.  That includes expanding the USCIS workforce by adding nearly 3,000 new employees, detailing employees to work in the most heavily affected offices, quadrupling the funding for overtime and using Asylum Office facilities and staff to conduct naturalization interviews.


    Last summer, USCIS received an unprecedented number of applications and petitions for immigration benefits.  During June, July and August alone, USCIS received nearly three million filings, compared to 1.8 million filings during the same period the previous year.  This sudden surge included 1.4 million naturalization applications last year – 460,000 in July alone.  While historically filing increases have occurred in advance of fee increases, Presidential elections, immigration debates and new legislation, none of the past increases are close to the magnitude of the last summer’s surge.

    Statement by USCIS Director Emilio T. Gonzalez on Processing of Naturalization Applications

    VIA USCIS.GOV

    On March 11,  I announced to members of the House Appropriations Committee that U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) had lowered its original processing projections for naturalization applications. Individuals who filed for citizenship during the summer of 2007 can now anticipate an average processing time of 14-16 months for these applications. That’s a marked improvement from the 16-18 months projection we announced in January. 


    During FY 2007, we received approximately 1.4 million naturalization applications. In the months of June and July of 2007 alone, we experienced an increase of nearly 350 percent compared to the same period in 2006. In addressing the significant increase in naturalization cases, and the unprecedented increase in all immigration applications and petitions, the professionalism and hard work of nearly 17,000 dedicated USCIS employees and contractors have been evident.


    I am proud of our accomplishments. Still, we remain committed to doing even better. And, we will continue to improve while maintaining our commitment to the integrity of the immigration process and national security requirements.


     


    Emilio T. Gonzalez
    Director
    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
    Department of Homeland Security

    Bill Offers U.S. Citizenship for Military Service

    Via The Washington Post

    Illegal-Immigrant Act
    Offering U.S. Citizenship
    May Fill Military Void

    By MIRIAM JORDAN
    September 21, 2007; Page A8

    Backers of legislation that could help hundreds of
    thousands of young illegal immigrants become citizens are trying to
    overcome political opposition by emphasizing the bill’s potential to
    help the U.S. military meet war-time personnel needs.

    Continue reading

    Asian Americans slam proposed US immigration draft

    Via The Hindu


    Washington, April. 7 (PTI): Asian
    American community leaders have slammed as “inhumane” and “un-American”
    a newly leaked White House immigration draft which proposes to take
    away the right of legal immigrants to sponsor their relatives to join
    them.

    The document containing “a set of
    principles” for immigration reform drafted by key Republican
    Congressional representatives was circulated in Washington last week.
    The plan creates temporary visas for undocumented immigrants and new
    workers, but it also places more limits on American citizens ability to
    bring their parents, children over age 21 and siblings to the United
    States.

    “This plan attacks families and offers
    false hope for those seeking to legalize,” Karen K. Narasaki, executive
    director of the Washington-based Asian American Justice Center has been
    quoted in the New American Media. The Asian American community is the
    second largest group of immigrants who enter the United States through
    family sponsorship or by being immediate relatives of American
    citizens.

    According to statistics of the
    Department of Homeland Security China, Vietnam and India are among the
    top ten countries whose immigrants arrive through family sponsorship.
    In 2005, about 17,000 Chinese obtained legal status in the United
    States through family sponsorship; 26,800 became legal residents
    because they were immediate relatives of U.S. citizens.

    Because so many Asians enter the United
    States through family quotas, the result of the White House draft could
    be nearly the same as the Chinese Exclusion Act, Michael Lin, Executive
    Director of the Organization of Chinese Americans has been quoted in
    the media report.

    Applications for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Doc. to be Filed with NSC or TSC

    [Federal Register: January 25, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 16)]
    [Notices]
    [Page 3402-3403]
    From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
    [DOCID:fr25ja07-41]

    —————————————–

    DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

    [CIS No. 2395-06; DHS Docket No. USCIS-2006-0052]

    RIN 1615-ZA41

    Direct Mail Program for Submitting Form N-565, Application for
    Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document

    AGENCY: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS.

    ACTION: Notice.

    —————————————–

    SUMMARY: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is expanding
    its Direct Mail Program to provide that filings of Form N-565,
    Application for Replacement Naturalization/Citizenship Document, be
    filed at a designated Service Center for processing. Applicants were
    previously required to file at a USCIS field office having jurisdiction
    over their place of current residence. The Direct Mail Program allows
    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to more efficiently process
    applications by eliminating duplicative work, maximizing staff
    productivity, and introducing better information management tools.
    USCIS intends for this Direct Mail process to be implemented on
    February 26, 2007 and it will affect all applicants filing Form N-565.

    DATES: This notice is effective February 26, 2007.

    FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Leah Torino, HQ Adjudications Officer,
    Office of Field Operations, or Deanna Garner, Adjudications Officer,
    Office of Service Center Operations, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration
    Services, Department of Homeland Security, 20 Massachusetts Avenue,
    NW., Washington, DC 20529, Telephone (202) 272-1001 or (202) 272-1688.

    Background

    What is the Direct Mail program?

    Under the Direct Mail program, applicants for certain immigration
    benefits mail the designated application or petition directly to a U.S.
    Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Service Center instead of
    submitting it to their local USCIS office. The purpose and strategy of
    the Direct Mail program have been discussed in detail on previous
    rulemakings and Notices (see 59 FR 33903 and 59 FR 33985).

    What is Form N-565?

    The Form N-565 is an application for replacement naturalization or
    citizenship documents. This form is used by individuals seeking a
    replacement Naturalization Certificate, Certificate of Citizenship,
    Declaration of Intention, or Repatriation Certificate, or to apply for
    a special certificate of naturalization as a U.S. citizen to be
    recognized by a foreign country.

    Interested individuals may find eligibility requirements for Form
    N-565 as well as all other applications at the USCIS Web site: http://www.uscis.gov
    .

    Explanation of Changes

    Does this Notice change an alien’s eligibility for issuance of a
    replacement naturalization or citizenship document?

    No. This Notice only changes the filing location for these
    applications. These forms, previously filed at several locations
    nationwide, will now be filed under the Direct Mail Program at
    specified Service Centers.

    What is the new filing location for Form N-565?

    Effective February 26, 2007, those applicants residing in Alabama,
    Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
    Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Maine, Maryland,
    Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North
    Carolina, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode
    Island, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Virgin Islands, Vermont and West
    Virginia, will forward their application to the Texas Service Center
    at: DHS/USCIS, Texas Service Center, PO Box 851182, Mesquite, TX 75185-
    1182.

    Those individuals residing in Alaska, Arizona, California,
    Colorado, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,
    Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota,
    Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming,
    will forward their application to the Nebraska Service Center at: DHS/
    USCIS, Nebraska Service Center, PO Box 87565, Lincoln, NE 68501-7565.

    What will happen to Form N-565s that are filed at the wrong address?

    USCIS will have a 30-day transition period, beginning February 26,
    2007, through March 26, 2007, during which USCIS will automatically
    forward any locally filed Form N-565 to the correct designated Service
    Centers.

    After March 26, 2007, all local USCIS offices will no longer accept
    any Form N-565 filings. Applications received by

    [[Page 3403]]

    a local USCIS office after March 26, 2007, or received by an incorrect
    designated Service Center, will be returned to the applicant with
    accompanying fees for resubmission at the proper filing location.

    Which version of the Form N-565 will USCIS accept?

    As of February 26, 2007, USCIS will accept Form N-565 (edition date
    09/29/06, OMB Control No. 1615-0091). Any prior versions submitted
    after March 26, 2007 will be returned to the applicant with
    accompanying fees for resubmission of the proper form edition.

    Does this Direct Mail Notice affect Form N-565s that have already been
    filed with USCIS?

    No. Applications received by a local USCIS office prior to February
    26, 2007 will remain within the jurisdiction of that office for the
    completion of processing. Therefore, it is not necessary for
    individuals who previously filed an application at a local USCIS office
    to file a new application in connection with this change of procedure.

    Paperwork Reduction Act

    USCIS will be amending the instructions to the Form N-565 to
    reflect the new filing instructions. Accordingly, USCIS will provide
    the Office of Management and Budget with a copy of the amended form
    through the automated Regulatory Office Combined Information System
    (ROCIS). Changing the filing instructions will not have any affect on
    the reporting burden hours.

    Dated: November 21, 2006.
    Emilio T. Gonzalez,
    Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
    [FR Doc. E7-1131 Filed 1-24-07; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 4410-10-P

    Posada Makes 1st Court Appearance


    By ALICIA A. CALDWELL
    The Associated Press
    Tuesday, January 16, 2007; 9:46 PM



    EL PASO, Texas — An anti-Castro militant indicted on charges of lying to federal immigration agents in a bid to become a naturalized citizen made his first court appearance Tuesday.


    Shackled at the wrists and ankles, Luis Posada Carriles was read the charges in a seven-count indictment made public last week but did not enter a plea. He was ordered held without bail pending a bond hearing Friday.


    Posada, 78, a former CIA operative and U.S. Army soldier, has been held at an El Paso immigration detention center since May 2005 on a charge that he entered the country illegally through Mexico.


    The indictment says Posada entered the country on a boat, instead of with the help of a human smuggler as he claims. It also alleges he lied about having a Guatemalan passport and using an alias, among other things.

    Continue reading

    DHS official admits taking bribes to fake documents

    Via CNN.com
    12/01/2006

    WASHINGTON (CNN) — A federal immigration official pleaded
    guilty Thursday to receiving more than $600,000 in bribes for
    falsifying documents for illegal immigrants.

    Robert Schofield, 57, could face 25 years in federal prison when he is sentenced in February.

    He
    pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Virginia, to
    issuing fraudulent documents to at least 184 illegal immigrants who
    falsely received U.S. citizenship.

    Schofield, a former supervisor for the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service, was arrested in June.

    He
    had served as a supervisory district adjudications officer at the
    Washington district office of agency, part of the Department of
    Homeland Security.

    According to court documents, Schofield
    illegally helped Asian immigrants obtain U.S. citizenship in return for
    payments of $30,000 or more.

    Under terms of the plea agreement
    Schofield has agreed to surrender his home, his bank accounts and his
    government retirement account.

    “The breadth and scope of Mr. Schofield’s fraud and corruption are truly stunning,” said U.S. Attorney Chuck Rosenberg.

    “Those
    who compromise the integrity of our national immigration system betray
    the confidence of the American people, and their actions are shameful.”

    Prosecutors said Schofield employed a network of brokers to bring aliens to him who were willing to pay for the phony documents.

    The government says it has identified a number of these brokers.

    One of them, Qiming Ye of Washington, has already pleaded guilty and will be sentenced December 21.

    USCIS Initiates New Naturalization/Citizenship Test

    On Thursday, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration
    Services Director Emilio Gonzalez announced the release of 144
    questions and answers for the pilot test of a new naturalization exam.
    USCIS will administer the pilot exam to about 5,000 volunteer
    citizenship applicants in 10 cities beginning in early 2007.

    Click here to read The Associated Press article about the new citizenship test.

    USCIS included new questions that focus on the concepts of democracy and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

    Here are some sample questions:
    1. Name one important idea found in the Declaration of Independence.

    2. What is the supreme law of the land?

    3. What does the Constitution do?

    4. What does “We the People” mean in the Constitution?

    5. What do we call changes to the Constitution?

    6. What is an amendment?

    7. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

    8. Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.

    9. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

    10. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

    11. What does freedom of religion mean?

    12. What type of economic system does the U.S. have?

    13. What are the three branches or parts of the government?

    14. Name one branch or part of the government.

    15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

    16. Who makes federal laws?

    17. What are the two parts of the United States Congress?

    18. How many United States Senators are there?

    19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

    20. Name your state’s two U.S. Senators.

    21. How many U.S. Senators does each state have?

    22. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

    23. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

    24. Name your U.S. Representative.

    25. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

    Answers (Some questions have multiple correct answers)
    1. Name one important idea found in the Declaration of Independence.
    A: People are born with natural rights.
    A: The power of government comes from the people.
    A: The people can change their government if it hurts their natural rights.
    A: All people are created equal.

    2. What is the supreme law of the land?
    A: The Constitution

    3. What does the Constitution do?
    A: It sets up the government.
    A: It protects basic rights of Americans.

    4. What does “We the People” mean in the Constitution?
    A: The power of government comes from the people.

    5. What do we call changes to the Constitution?
    A: Amendments

    6. What is an amendment?
    A: It is a change to the Constitution.

    7. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
    A: The Bill of Rights

    8. Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.
    A: Speech
    A: Religion
    A: Assembly
    A: Press
    A: Petition the government

    9. How many amendments does the Constitution have?
    A: Twenty-seven (27)

    10. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
    A: Announce the independence of the United States from Great Britain
    A: Say that the U.S. is free from Great Britain

    11. What does freedom of religion mean?
    A: You can practice any religion you want, or not practice at all.

    12. What type of economic system does the U.S. have?
    A: Capitalist economy
    A: Free market
    A: Market economy

    13. What are the three branches or parts of the government?
    A: Executive, legislative, and judicial
    A: Congress, the President, the courts

    14. Name one branch or part of the government.
    A: Congress
    A: Legislative
    A: President
    A: Executive
    A: The courts
    A: Judicial

    15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
    A: The President

    16. Who makes federal laws?
    A: Congress
    A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)
    A: The (U.S. or national) legislature

    17. What are the two parts of the United States Congress?
    A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)

    18. How many United States Senators are there?
    A: 100

    19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
    A: Six (6)

    20. Name your state’s two U.S. Senators.
    A: Arlen Specter and Rick Santorum.

    21. How many U.S. Senators does each state have?
    A: Two (2)

    22. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
    A: 435

    23. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
    A: Two (2)

    24. Name your U.S. Representative.
    A: Rep. Don Sherwood.

    25. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
    A: All citizens in that Senator’s state

    U.S. Immigration To Pilot 1-Stop Shopping in S. FL

    11/08/2006

    (AP)
    MIAMI – The Department of Homeland Security will start a pilot
    program in 2008 to create one-stop shopping centers for immigrants
    applying for citizenship services in South Florida, a top federal
    immigration official said Friday.

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